USDA B&I Loan for Senior Housing

Unlock the potential of your commercial loan with the coveted guarantee from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Picture this: your loan, backed by a reputable federal agency, opening doors to greater opportunities and financial security. But here’s the catch – your property must be located in a rural community to qualify.

Traditionally, a rural community is defined as a town with fewer than 50,000 residents. However, let’s explore an exciting possibility together. Many suburban cities, despite having a population below the 50,000 mark, are not what you would typically consider small rural towns. These suburbs thrive alongside bustling population centers, boasting hundreds of thousands of people. They are self-sufficient, vibrant communities that don’t require assistance in obtaining commercial financing.

Curious to know if your property meets the eligibility criteria for a USDA B&I loan? Simply visit our user-friendly website at Once you’re there, kindly click on “I Accept” to proceed. This will lead you to an interactive map where you can enter your complete address, including street, city, and zip code. Accuracy is crucial here. With a click of a button, the map will promptly reveal whether your property qualifies or not.

Don’t let your commercial aspirations be limited by geography. The USDA loan guarantee is within your reach, and this innovative tool will help you determine your eligibility in a matter of seconds. Seize this opportunity to unlock the doors to financial success.

To address this common question, we’ve outlined several key benefits of USDA loans below:

– Higher Loan Amounts – Borrowers may obtain up to $25MM in guaranteed financing under both the Business & Industry (B&I) and Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) with the ability to leverage multiple USDA programs for the same project.

– Flexible Underwriting Requirements – Loans may be underwritten based on future projected cash flow rather than historical cash flow.

– Higher Leverage Allowances – Advance rates of up to 75%-80% LTV based on available collateral.

– Minimum Equity Requirements – 10% for existing businesses and 20-25% for start-ups or early-stage companies.

– Loan Terms up to 40 years – Typically, a maximum of 30 years for CRE and 40 years for infrastructure.

– No balloon payments! USDA loans are fully amortizing with the ability to offer up to 36-months interest-only.

– Borrower Eligibility – USDA loans may be eligible for for-profits, non-profits, Tribes, Tribal-owned businesses and public bodies.

– Loan Uses – Ground up construction, acquisitions, machinery & equipment, debt refinancing and working capital are all eligible uses!

– Fixed Rates – Borrowers may obtain fully fixed rates tied to the Constant Maturity Treasury index plus a spread.

– C-PACE & Tax Credit Equity – USDA loans can be paired with Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (C-PACE) and tax credit equity to complete the capital stack.

In today’s lending environment, more and more borrowers are relying on USDA guaranteed loans to finance their projects. Allow us to help by filling out the form below.

What does this program do?

This program provides loan guarantees to eligible private lenders to help build essential community facilities in rural areas.
An essential community facility is defined as a facility that provides an essential service to the local community for the orderly development of the community in a primarily rural area and does not include private, commercial, or business undertakings.

Who may apply for this program?

Private lenders may apply for a loan guarantee on loans made to an eligible borrower that is unable to obtain the needed commercial credit on reasonable terms without the guarantee.

Eligible borrowers:

  • Public bodies
  • Community-based non-profit corporations
  • Federally-recognized Tribes

What is an eligible area?

Rural areas include any area other than a city or town with a population of greater than 50,000 inhabitants and any urbanized area contiguous and adjacent to that city or town based on the latest U.S. Census Data. Check an eligible rural area.

How may funds be used?
Each year the Agency will reserve funds for projects located in rural areas with a population of not more than 20,000 inhabitants based on the following reservation of funds schedule:

(1) 100% of the first $200,000,000 made available
(2) 50% of the next $200,000,000 made available
(3) 25% of all amounts exceeding $400,000,000 made available

Funds can be used to purchase, construct, and/or improve essential community facilities, purchase equipment, and pay related project expenses.

Examples of essential community facilities include:

  • Health care facilities such as hospitals, medical clinics, dental clinics, nursing homes, or assisted living facilities
  • Public facilities such as town halls, courthouses, airport hangers or street improvements
  • Community support services such as child care centers, community centers, fairgrounds, or transitional housing
  • Public safety services such as fire departments, police stations, prisons, police vehicles, fire trucks, public works vehicles or equipment
  • Educational services such as museums, libraries, or private schools
  • Utility services such as telemedicine or distance learning equipment
    Local food systems such as community gardens, food pantries, community kitchens, food banks, food hubs or greenhouses

For a complete list see Code of Federal Regulations 7 CFR 3575.24.

What are the terms of a loan guarantee?

  • Maximum guarantee = 80% of the eligible loan (2022)
  • One-time guarantee fee = 1.5% of principal loan amount times the % of the guarantee.
  • Annual renewal fee = .5% of outstanding principal as of December 31st times % of guarantee.
  • Repayment term: useful life of the facility, state statute or 40 years, whichever is less and is negotiated between the lender/borrower, subject to USDA approval.
  • Interest rates: fixed or variable as negotiated between the lender/borrower, subject to USDA approval.
  • Loan note guarantee issued upon project completion/when conditions are met.
  • A combination of guaranteed loans, direct loans, grants, and commercial financing may be used to finance one project if all eligibility and feasibility requirements are met.
  • Balloon payments and renewable notes are prohibited.

Are there additional requirements?

  • Applicants must have the legal authority to borrow money, obtain security, repay loans, construct, operate, and maintain the proposed facilities.
  • Applicants must be unable to finance the project from their own resources and/or through commercial credit at reasonable rates and terms.
  • Tax-exempt financing is not eligible for this program.
  • Lender responsible for determining credit quality and economic feasibility of proposed loan; adequacy of equity, cash flow, security, history, and management capabilities.
  • Facilities must serve a rural area where they are /will be located.
  • The project must demonstrate substantial community support.
  • Environmental review must be completed/acceptable.

Who will service the loan?

The private lender that makes the loan will service the loan.

How do we get started?

  • Lenders: contact your local RD office for details on how to become an approved lender.
  • Borrowers: ask your private lender if they participate in USDA Loan Guarantee Programs.
  • Applications for this program are accepted year-round.
  • Program resources are available online (includes forms needed, guidance, certifications).

Obtaining HUD, Freddie and Fannie, USDA non-recourse financing for Seniors Housing Properties can take longer (3 months to a year) than conventional loans but the benefits often outweigh the delay factor. Please contact us if these loans interest you and we will guide you through the process.

Final Considerations

In addition to strong personal credit, the lender will be interested in the following elements when examining a loan request for seniors housing.

  1. Positive Trend. Nothing scares lenders more than negative sales and earnings trends in a business or its industry. Conversely, a pronounced positive trend is a thing of beauty to a lender. They may look back several years to see how the business performed through past economic cycles.
  2. Business Plan. Buyers are required to submit a basic business plan for the senior care business they are acquiring. Lenders want to see an intimate understanding of the business and industry. In most cases, a plan calling for modest growth and incremental change is the safest bet.
  3. Continuity. Commitments by existing managers, key personnel, suppliers, and customers to continue with the new owner represent a reduced risk to a lender.
  4. Seller Training. Lenders want to see a well-thought-out management transition plan. A training/transition period to the new owner could be anywhere from 1 to 12 months. Be sure to negotiate this point upfront and clearly spell it out in the purchase agreement.
  5. Seller Financing. When a seller agrees to finance even 10-15% of the deal, (subordinated to the banknote) it shows the lender that the seller is confident in the business under the new buyer’s leadership and it shows commitment from the seller to make the transition work. This condition is commonly imposed by lenders.

Whether you are looking to purchase or refinance an independent or assisted living facility or business, develop a new senior housing facility, or expand your current senior housing business, loans are readily available. Let us guide you through the process and help position you for a successful loan approval.

Scroll to Top

What are you looking for?

USDA B&I Loan for Senior Housing

Input information to download the file