HUD 231 New Construction for Multi-Family and Senior Housing
HUD 231 insures mortgage loans to facilitate the construction and substantial rehabilitation of seniors housing and multi-family rental housing for elderly persons (62 or older) and/or persons with disabilities.
Section 231 insures lenders against loss on mortgages. Section 231 was designed to increase the supply of rental housing specifically for the use and occupancy of elderly persons, and/or persons with disabilities. However, few projects have been insured under Section 231 in recent years; developers have opted to use Section 221(d)(4).
Type of Assistance:
FHA mortgage insurance for HUD-approved lenders.
Insured mortgages may be used to finance the construction and substantial rehabilitation of detached, semidetached, walk-up, or elevator type rental housing designed specifically for elderly or handicapped individuals consisting of eight or more dwelling units. For nonprofit sponsors, the maximum loan amount is 100 percent of the estimated replacement cost of the building (or 100 percent of the project value for rehabilitation projects). For all other sponsors, the maximum loan is 90 percent of the replacement cost (or 90 percent of the project value for rehabilitation projects). Contractors for new construction or substantial rehabilitation projects are required to comply with prevailing wage standards under the Davis-Bacon Act.
Mortgagors include private profit-motivated developers and non-profit sponsors.
All elderly or persons with disabilities are eligible to occupy apartments in a project whose mortgage is insured under the program.
The sponsor has a pre-application conference with the local HUD Multifamily Hub or Program Center to determine the feasibility of the project. The sponsor must then submit a site appraisal and market analysis (SAMA) application (new construction projects), or a feasibility application (substantial rehabilitation projects). Following HUD’s issuance of a SAMA or feasibility letter, the sponsor submits a firm commitment application through a HUD-approved lender for processing. Considerations include market need, zoning, architectural merits, capabilities of the borrower, and availability of community resources. If the project meets program requirements, the local Multifamily Hub or Program Center issues a commitment to the lender for mortgage insurance.
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